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The player long considered to have had the best backhand of all time, Don Budge , had a powerful one-handed stroke in the s and s that imparted topspin onto the ball.
Ken Rosewall , another player noted for his one-handed backhand, used a very accurate slice backhand through the s and s. A small number of players, notably Monica Seles , use two hands on both the backhand and forehand sides.
A volley is a shot returned to the opponent in mid-air before the ball bounces, generally performed near the net, and is usually made with a stiff-wristed punching motion to hit the ball into an open area of the opponent's court.
The half volley is made by hitting the ball on the rise just after it has bounced, also generally in the vicinity of the net, and played with the racket close to the ground.
It is an offensive shot used to take preparation time away from the opponent, as it returns the ball into the opponent's court much faster than a standard volley.
From a poor defensive position on the baseline, the lob can be used as either an offensive or defensive weapon, hitting the ball high and deep into the opponent's court to either enable the lobber to get into better defensive position or to win the point outright by hitting it over the opponent's head.
If the lob is not hit deeply enough into the other court, however, an opponent near the net may then hit an overhead smash , a hard, serve-like shot, to try to end the point.
A difficult shot in tennis is the return of an attempted lob over the backhand side of a player. When the contact point is higher than the reach of a two-handed backhand, most players will try to execute a high slice under the ball or sideways.
Fewer players attempt the backhand sky-hook or smash. Rarely, a player will go for a high topspin backhand, while themselves in the air.
A successful execution of any of these alternatives requires balance and timing, with less margin of error than the lower contact point backhands, since this shot is a break in the regular pattern of play.
If their opponent is deep in their court, a player may suddenly employ an unexpected drop shot , by softly tapping the ball just over the net so that the opponent is unable to run in fast enough to retrieve it.
Advanced players will often apply back spin to a drop shot, causing the ball to "skid" upon landing and bounce sideways, with less forward momentum toward their opponent, or even backwards towards the net, thus making it even more difficult to return.
Muscle strain is one of the most common injuries in tennis. Muscle , cartilage , nerves , bursae , ligaments and tendons may be damaged from overuse.
The repetitive use of a particular muscle without time for repair and recovery is the most common cause of injury. Tournaments are often organized by gender and number of players.
Common tournament configurations include men's singles, women's singles, and doubles, where two players play on each side of the net.
Tournaments may be organized for specific age groups, with upper age limits for youth and lower age limits for senior players. There are also tournaments for players with disabilities, such as wheelchair tennis and deaf tennis.
Most large tournaments seed players, but players may also be matched by their skill level. According to how well a person does in sanctioned play, a player is given a rating that is adjusted periodically to maintain competitive matches.
Average club players under this system would rate 3. The four Grand Slam tournaments are considered to be the most prestigious tennis events in the world.
Aside from the historical significance of these events, they also carry larger prize funds than any other tour event and are worth double the number of ranking points to the champion than in the next echelon of tournaments, the Masters men and Premier events women.
There are , more than any other professional tennis tournament. This draw is composed of 32 seeded players, other players ranked in the world's top , qualifiers, and players who receive invitations through wild cards.
Grand Slam men's tournaments have best-of-five set matches while the women play best-of-three. Grand Slam tournaments are among the small number of events that last two weeks, the others being the Indian Wells Masters and the Miami Masters.
Currently, the Grand Slam tournaments are the only tour events that have mixed doubles contests. Grand Slam tournaments are held in conjunction with wheelchair tennis tournaments and junior tennis competitions.
These tournaments also contain their own idiosyncrasies. For example, players at Wimbledon are required to wear predominantly white. Andre Agassi chose to skip Wimbledon from through citing the event's traditionalism, particularly its "predominantly white" dress code.
Each event is held annually, and a win at one of these events is worth ranking points. When the ATP , led by Hamilton Jordan , began running the men's tour in , the directors designated the top nine tournaments, outside of the Grand Slam events, as "Super 9" events.
In November at the end of the tennis year, the world's top eight players compete in the ATP World Tour Finals , a tournament with a rotating locale.
It is currently held in London, England. In August the ATP announced major changes to the tour that were introduced in The Masters Series was renamed to the "Masters ", the addition of the number referring to the number of ranking points earned by the winner of each tournament.
Contrary to earlier plans, the number of tournaments was not reduced from nine to eight and the Monte Carlo Masters remains part of the series although, unlike the other events, it does not have a mandatory player commitment.
The Hamburg Masters has been downgraded to a point event. The Madrid Masters moved to May and onto clay courts, and a new tournament in Shanghai took over Madrid's former indoor October slot.
It is mandatory for leading players to enter at least four events, including at least one after the US Open. It is composed of about events and, as a result, features a more diverse range of countries hosting events.
These tournaments also contribute towards a player's ATP rankings points. Premier events for women form the most prestigious level of events on the Women's Tennis Association Tour after the Grand Slam tournaments.
These events offer the largest rewards in terms of points and prize money. The Premier events were introduced in replacing the previous Tier I and II tournament categories.
Currently four tournaments are Premier Mandatory, five tournaments are Premier 5, and twelve tournaments are Premier. The first tiering system in women's tennis was introduced in International tournaments are the second main tier of the WTA tour and consist of 31 tournaments, with a prize money for every event at U.
Professional tennis players enjoy the same relative perks as most top sports personalities: clothing, equipment and endorsements.
Like players of other individual sports such as golf, they are not salaried, but must play and finish highly in tournaments to obtain prize money.
In recent years, some controversy has surrounded the involuntary or deliberate noise caused by players' grunting. While players are gradually less competitive in singles by their late 20s and early 30s, they can still continue competitively in doubles as instanced by Martina Navratilova and John McEnroe , who won doubles titles in their 40s.
In the Open Era, several female players such as Martina Navratilova , Margaret Court , Martina Hingis , Serena Williams , and Venus Williams the latter two sisters playing together have been prolific at both singles and doubles events throughout their careers.
John McEnroe is one of the very few professional male players to be top ranked in both singles and doubles at the same time,    and Yevgeny Kafelnikov is the most recent male player to win multiple Grand Slams in both singles and doubles during the same period of his career.
In terms of public attention and earnings see below , singles champions have far surpassed their doubles counterparts. The Open Era, particularly the men's side, has seen many top-ranked singles players that only sparingly compete in doubles, while having "doubles specialists" who are typically being eliminated early in the singles draw but do well in the doubles portion of a tournament.
Woodbridge noted that while top singles players earn enough that they don't need to nor want to play doubles, he suggested that lower-ranked singles players outside the Top Ten should play doubles to earn more playing time and money.
The Olympics doubles tennis tournament necessitates that both members of a doubles pairing be from the same country, hence several top professional pairs such as Jamie Murray and Bruno Soares cannot compete in the Olympics.
Top-ranked singles players that are usually rivals on the professional circuit, such as Boris Becker and Michael Stich , and Roger Federer and Stan Wawrinka have formed a rare doubles partnership for the Olympics.
Unlike professional tennis tournaments see below where singles players receive much more prize money than doubles players, an Olympic medal for both singles and doubles has similar prestige.
The Olympics is more of a priority for doubles champions while singles champions often skip the tournament.
For the Olympics , Lisa Raymond was passed over for Team USA in favor of Serena Williams by captain Billie Jean King , even though Raymond was the top-ranked doubles player in the world at the time, and Raymond unsuccessfully challenged the selection.
In professional tennis tournaments such as Wimbledon , the singles competition receives the most prize money and coverage, followed by doubles, and then mixed doubles usually receive the lowest monetary awards.
The following players have won at least five singles titles at Grand Slam tournaments :. A frequent topic of discussion among tennis fans and commentators is who was the greatest male singles player of all time.
By a large margin, an Associated Press poll in named Bill Tilden as the greatest player of the first half of the 20th century.
Championships seven times. In , however, Donald Budge became the first person to win all four major singles titles during the same calendar year, the Grand Slam , and won six consecutive major titles in and Tilden called Budge "the finest player days a year that ever lived.
Kramer was among the few who dominated amateur and professional tennis during the late s and early s. Tony Trabert has said that of the players he saw before the start of the Open Era , Kramer was the best male champion.
Budge reportedly believed that Gonzales was the greatest player ever. I think his game was the best game ever.
Better than mine. He was capable of making more shots than anybody. His two volleys were great. His overhead was enormous.
He had the most natural tennis mind with the most natural tennis physique. Before and during the Open Era, Rod Laver remains the only male player in history to have won the calendar year Grand Slam twice in and  and also the calendar year Professional Grand Slam in Andre Agassi , the first of two male players in history to have achieved a Career Golden Slam in singles tennis followed by Rafael Nadal , has been called the best service returner in the history of the game.
By the early twenty-first century, Roger Federer is considered by many observers to have the most "complete" game in modern tennis.
He has won 20 grand slam titles and 6 World Tour Finals, the most for any male player. Many experts of tennis, former tennis players and his own tennis peers believe Federer is the greatest player in the history of the game.
As with the men there are frequent discussions about who is the greatest female singles player of all time with Steffi Graf , Martina Navratilova and Serena Williams being the three players most often nominated.
In March the TennisChannel published a combined list of the greatest men and women tennis players of all time. The rankings were determined by an international panel.
Sportswriter John Wertheim of Sports Illustrated stated in an article in July that Serena Williams is the greatest female tennis player ever with the argument that "Head-to-head, on a neutral surface i.
Steffi Graf is considered by some to be the greatest female player. Billie Jean King said in , "Steffi is definitely the greatest women's tennis player of all time.
Tennis magazine selected Martina Navratilova as the greatest female tennis player for the years through From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Ball sport with racket and net.
For other uses, see Tennis disambiguation. Roger Federer hitting a backhanded shot in Main article: History of tennis.
Main article: Tennis technology. Main article: Tennis ball. For individual terms, see Glossary of tennis terms. Main article: Tennis court.
Main article: Point tennis. Main article: Tennis scoring system. For software term, see Breakpoint. See also: Types of tennis match.
Main article: Official tennis. Main article: Junior tennis. Main article: Tennis shots. Main article: Grip Tennis.
Main article: Serve tennis. Main article: Forehand. Main article: Backhand. Main article: Tennis injuries. See also: List of tennis tournaments.
See also: Lists of tennis records and statistics. Further information: Tennis male players statistics and World number one male tennis player rankings.
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Retrieved 27 September Retrieved 15 October Retrieved 3 May Retrieved 31 December Retrieved 6 May Archived from the original on 25 February Retrieved 5 May WTA Tour.
Archived from the original on 24 November Retrieved 6 September Retrieved 7 May The first violation of this Section shall be penalised by a Time Violation warning and each subsequent violation shall be penalised by the assessment of one Time Violation point penalty.
Archived from the original on 5 May Archived from the original on 11 May Historical Dictionary of Tennis. Lanham, Md. British Journal of Sports Medicine.
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There are many different "shots" and "strokes", ways to hit the ball, in tennis. A stroke is the way the body is moved to hit the ball. A shot is how the ball is hit.
These include:. Tennis is now a sport that is played at the Olympics. They also have big tournaments like the U. These four are known as Grand Slam events.
Winning all four Grand Slams in the same year is called a Calendar Slam. They are the most important tennis tournaments of each season year.
This is because of the world ranking points, tradition, prize-money, and public attention. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Part of a series of articles on Sports. Retrieved 28 July Category : Tennis. Hidden categories: All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from April Articles with unsourced statements from November Net Netz : Bezieht sich auf den oberen Streifen des Netzes.
Round robin : Format eines Turniers, in dem die Spieler in Gruppen von drei oder vier Spielern aufgeteilt sind.
Basierend auf den Ergebnissen wird die Klassifizierung für die nächste Runde festgelegt. Es besteht aus einer ausgleichenden Reaktion auf den Aufschlag des Gegners, gefolgt von einem Angriff am Netz.
Tie-break : Ist das Spiel, das gespielt wird, um einen Satz zu gewinnen, oder sogar das Spiel, wenn das Ergebnis ist. Derjenige gewinnt das Spiel, der mindestens 2 Punkte Vorsprung auf den Gegner hat.
Serve Aufschlag : Damit wird jedes Spiel begonnen. Backhand : Ein Schlag, der mit dem Rücken zum Netz ausgeführt wird. Jetzt kennst du die wichtigsten Wörter rund um den Tennissport auf Englisch.
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